Girl and 3 boys stood on the rope bridge in the playground

PSHE and Citizenship is a school subject through which pupils develop the knowledge, skills and attributes they need to keep themselves healthy and safe, and prepared for future life and work. We want them to thrive as individuals, family members and as active citizen in society. PSHE has impact on both academic and non-academic outcomes for pupils.

The aims of Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education and Citizenship are to enable the children to:

• know and understand what constitutes a healthy lifestyle;
• be aware of safety issues;
• understand what makes for good relationships with other members of the school and wider community, including respecting differences of opinion and the beliefs of other people;
• be independent and responsible members of the school community;
• be positive and active members of a democratic society;
•develop team-working and critical thinking.
•develop resilience, self-confidence and self-esteem, and make informed choices regarding personal and social issues and make the most of their abilities;
•have a greater understanding of finances and the value of money, cheques and ‘plastic’;
•earn about career-related learning to develop their awareness of themselves and roles of gender, in preparation for later life.


At Cononley Primary School, pupils in Early Years Foundation Stage are taught using the EYFS Curriculum for the Prime Areas: Personal, Social and Emotional Development. The curriculum is taught in variety of ways through adult-led, adult-supported tasks and child-initiated learning in well-resourced provision areas, both indoors and outdoors. The EYFS curriculum provides the foundations for the themes which are taught in Key Stage 1 and 2. Circle Time takes place weekly. 

What our pupils will learn (intent):

At Cononley Primary School, pupils in Early Years Foundation Stage are taught using the EYFS Curriculum for Personal, Social and Emotional Development.

In Key Stage 1 and 2, we use the North Yorkshire PHSE Curriculum which provides a well sequenced framework for teaching and learning. Lessons are structured into the 5 themes of Me and My Relationships, Me and My Future, Keeping Myself Safe, My Healthy Lifestyle and Becoming an Active Citizen.  A yearly programme ensures that all pupils receive a spiral curriculum with topics that are taught in a logical order taking into consideration their changing needs and maturity. 

Relationships and Sex Education

Relationships and Sex Education is taught as part of the ' Me and My Relationships' theme in the PSHE curriculum. To find out more about Relationships and Sex Education at Cononley Primary School, please click the link below:

Relationships and Sex Education

How our pupils are taught (implementation): 

EYFS-The EYFS Curriculum for Personal, Social and Emotional Development is taught in variety of ways through adult-led and adult-supported tasks and child-initiated learning in well resourced provision areas, both indoors and outdoors. It is taught through cross curricular themes, as well as discrete lesson activities. There is particular emphasis on PSED in the first term where all initial work focusses on exploration of relationships and their and other people’s feelings.

In Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2, PSHE lessons are taught in discrete weekly lessons. Teachers make use of resources recommended by the local authority and the PSHE Association. Weekly Circle Time also takes place and the format of the sessions includes elements of the PSHE curriculum. In both Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2, lessons are taught by the class teacher.  In Key Stage 1 work is recorded in a big book and in Key Stage 2 children have individual books. Lessons are adapted and differentiated as necessary to meet the needs of all pupils, including house with SEND. 

The PSHE curriculum is enriched in a variety of ways including:

  • Co-operative Learning -a structured programme used throughout school to teach children strategies for working together and improving learning.
  • Visits from the school nurse to EYFS to discuss importance of hygiene and hand-washing
  • Taking part mock general elections and a mock EU referendum
  • Voting for house captains and school council representatives
  • Taking part in themed weeks such as Anti-bullying Week, British Parliament Week, Wellbeing Week, Internet Safety Week.

Progression and Assessment

Ongoing observational assessments are made and lessons adapted to suit the needs of pupils. Sometimes, pupils are recommended for interventions, for example, to support well-being or friendships, as a result of observations made by staff during PSHE lessons.


The impact of the curriculum will be reviewed at the end of the year through observations and assessments of pupils’ learning and through pupil discussions about their learning. Pupil surveys such as the Health and Wellbeing Survey: Growing Up in North Yorkshire and the Anti-Bullying Survey are completed bi-annually and the data is used to inform the curriculum.